faq-setting-up-key-based-ssh

Setting up key based ssh

  • NOTE: All SBGrid bound Servers and Workstations on the SBGrid network in the Longwood area require 'pub' key to be uploaded to our authentication servers. Please follow the steps named "Generate SSH Keys" and "For Systems on the SBGrid network at Longwood" below.

Off Quad systems (at MCB, HU, Tufts, Sanofi) please following the steps named "Generate SSH Keys" and "For Off-Quad SBGrid Systems" below.

Generating SSH Keys

We reccommend using a password for ssh keys

  1. You can generate ssh key-pair for local workstation from a Mac or Linux terminal: ssh-keygen -t ed25519 or ssh-keygen -t rsa
  2. Press enter to accept the default location.
  3. Enter a password for the key pair.
  4. On both linux and Mac systems keys can be loaded with 'ssh-add .ssh/id_rsa'. You can see loaded keys with 'ssh-add -l'. The keys remain loaded until you log out.
  5. Macintosh systems with keys in default locations should get loaded automatically when connecting to systems

For Off-Quad SBGrid Systems

  1. Copy public key (~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub) to remote system: scp ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub remotesys:~/ If this is the first connection to the remote system, type yes to accept the remote system key.
  2. Login to remote system, configure remote system to trust public key:
  • ssh remotesys
  • create ~/.ssh if it doesn't exist: mkdir ~/.ssh
  • cat ~/id_rsa.pub >> ~/.ssh/authorized_keys
  • chmod 700 ~/.ssh
  • chmod 640 ~/.ssh/authorized_keys
    1. Logout of remote system, and repeat login to check that everything works correctly. If so, ~/id_rsa.pub can be removed from the remote system.

For Systems on the SBGrid network in Longwood Medical area

The 'pub' key must be uploaded to our authentication servers. These examples assume you copied the pub key to your Linux home directory, you can also copy and paste the entire contents of the .pub file between systems.

You will need to run these commands on xtal200.harvard.edu. If you are a Consortium member use shell.sbgrid.org.

ipa user-mod $USER --sshpubkey="ssh-ed25519 AAAABBBBBBCCCCCZZZZZZZ qqq@mbp.local"

OR

ipa user-mod $USER --sshpubkey="$(cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub)"

For multiple keys

ipa user-mod $USER --sshpubkey="$(cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub)" --sshpubkey="$(cat ~/.ssh/id_ed25519.pub)"\
 --sshpubkey="$(cat ~/.ssh/othersystem_id_rsa.pub)"

If you are using csh/tcsh shell

ipa user-mod $USER --sshpubkey="`cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub`"

If you get a 'Kerberos Credential' error you will need to enter the following command, type your password and try again.

kinit $USER

Note: The 'ipa' command is not available on most workstations, connect to xtal200.harvard.edu and perform the commands there.